There is no consensus among researchers as to the best methodology for determining the religiosity profile of the world's population. Actually, that’s an understatement. It includes people of all castes and all religious traditions (Hindu, Muslim, etc.). 100 years after religion is dead and gone, what will the world look like? Truthfully, this subject defies brevity. Whether you are a person of faith, a skeptic, or something in between, the concepts of spirituality, organized religion, and morality effect us all. In the centuries to follow, Islam would simultaneously produce countless wars of succession and a growing sense of spiritual unity within the Arab World. Its founding figure, Zoroaster, was an innovative religious thinker and teacher who is believed to have lived between 700 BCE and 500 BCE in Persia (modern-day Iran). Christianity has seen countless reformation movements, which spawned innumerable sects and offshoot denominations. Sikhism is a monotheistic faith emerging from and remaining concentrated in the Punjabi region that traverses Northern India and Eastern Pakistan. Conder's work still adhered to the four-way classification, but in his eye for detail he puts together much historical work to create something resembling the modern Western image: he includes Druze, Yezidis, Mandeans, and Elamites[clarification needed] under a list of possibly monotheistic groups, and under the final category, of "polytheism and pantheism," he listed Zoroastrianism, "Vedas, Puranas, Tantras, Reformed sects" of India as well as "Brahminical idolatry," Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism, Lamaism, "religion of China and Japan," and "illiterate superstitions" as others. Christianity is a monotheistic religion based on the life and teaching of Jesus of Nazareth. These form the Bible, the central text of the Christian faith. To seal the covenant, Abraham became the first recipient of the ritualistic circumcision. Like Babism, Bahá’í incorporates some of the teachings of Islam but merges them with some Christian principles. The Druze view themselves as the direct descendants of Jethro of Midian, distinguished in Jewish scripture as the father-in-law of Moses. The Sikh religion came into focus during the late 15th century and draws its tenets of faith, meditation, social justice, and human equality from a scripture called the Guru Granth Sahib. The close-knit communities rooted in present day Syria, Lebanon, and Israel have long been subject to persecution, particularly at the hands of Islamic theocracies. Whether to count only adults, or to include children as well. But we’re going to try anyway. Buddhism. The ending explains how Jesus' teaching differs from the major religions. Shinto is religious tradition native to Japan. And like every religion in the world, it depends on what you bring to it. This visit led to the eventual conversion of Rastafari’s most famous adherent, singer Bob Marley. Today, roughly 7% of the world practices some form of Buddhism, making it the fourth largest of the world’s religions, with an estimated 500 million adherents across both the Eastern and Western World. Today, between 700,000 and one million adherents practice Rastafarianism, the majority of them concentrated in Jamaica. Each of these entries is a surface-level look at the religion in question. , In the latter half of the 20th century, the category of "world religion" fell into serious question, especially for drawing parallels between vastly different cultures, and thereby creating an arbitrary separation between the religious and the secular. It was first self-applied during the Age of Enlightenment in 18th century France. Some who refer to themselves as secular humanists have developed a code of ethics that exists separate from the worship of a deity. Its impact on the shape of world history and on present-day world culture is incalculable. 2010 Chinese Spiritual Life Survey conducted by the Purdue University's Center on Religion and Chinese Society. They can also produce philosophical innovation, ethical reform, and the advancement of social justice. One way to define a major religion is by the number of current adherents. We’ll give you the quick low down on the belief systems, theologies, scriptures, and histories of the world’s major religions. In the 18th century, "heresy" was clarified to mean Judaism and Islam; along with paganism, this created a fourfold classification which spawned such works as John Toland's Nazarenus, or Jewish, Gentile, and Mahometan Christianity, which represented the three Abrahamic religions as different "nations" or sects within religion itself, the "true monotheism. Jainism’s primary tenets are ahiṃsā (nonviolence), anekāntavāda (many-sidedness), aparigraha (nonattachment) and asceticism (abstinence from pleasure). As one of the earliest extant religious traditions to emerge from the spiritually fertile Indian subcontinent, Jainism both shares with and diverges from features of the Hindu and Buddhist traditions that also emerged there. Use of the term originated in the ancient world and was meant to degrade those who rejected commonly accepted religious precepts. Though many individuals and families descended from these tribes do practice some of the customs of their ancestors, indigenous religious customs have befallen the same broader fate as the Native American peoples. Emerging in the first century CE — in close concert with the emergence of Christianity — gnosticism is perhaps best understand as the intermediary set of ideas shared by portions of the world as Christianity gradually eclipsed Judaism in size and scope. Oversimplication is unavoidable in charts like these, and it is not intended to be a substitute for advanced religious study and exploration, but simply a fast overview. Also common: many of these religions rely on oral history and tradition, rather than scriptures. Bahá’u’lláh, the founding figure in the Bahá’í faith, officially established his ideology in 1863 in Persia (or modern-day Iran). See: http://www.fredonia.edu/summer/ - Summer Session I or II. Hey, even if you’ve invented your own religion, tell us about it in the comments section. In world cultures, there have traditionally been many different groupings of religious belief. In fact, Zoroastrianism was soon adopted as the official state religion of the Persian Empire and remained so for nearly a thousand years. However, the growth in religious pluralism, interfaith dialogue that promotes the idea that all religions are equal, and the erroneous teachings that many ways lead to God or to heaven all exist today. Christianity teaches that Jesus is the Son of God and the Messiah (the savior of humanity foretold in the Torah, the primary scriptural doctrine of the Jewish faith). Often, like the traditional African religions they emerged from, these groups shared common threads regarding reverence for the spirits, veneration of the dead, and similar creation mythologies. In the early 1930s, a movement of Rastafarians espoused that the faithful were living in an African diaspora, scattered from their homelands by colonization and slavery. Like … Actually, that’s an understatement. We also scratch the surface when it comes to the number of actual religions and denominations, both current and ancient. Like atheism, the term emerged around the fifth century BCE and was contemplated with particular interest in Indian cultures. Its primary text, the Avesta, combines the Gathas (Zoroaster’s writings) with the Yasna (the scriptural basis of Zoroastrianism). 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