Founded by settler two settler societies, Canada has been built on a foundation on cultural an ethnic diversity. Learn about Canada's culture, identity, history and sports, as well as funding opportunities available to Canadian artists, athletes and organizations. While Britain, and later English Canada, came to be and remain the most powerful part of the Canadian cultural landscape, this dominance and power exists in a system of joint cultural identity, with French Canada, in Quebec and in other parts of eastern Canada, remaining a singular and distinctive cultural entity in its own right. , Though more than half of Canadians live in just two provinces (Ontario and Quebec), each province is largely self-contained due to provincial economic self-sufficiency.  The compromises reached during this time between the English- and French-speaking Fathers of Confederation set Canada on a path to bilingualism which in turn contributed to an acceptance of diversity.  In 2013, Alice Munro was the first Canadian to be awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature for her work as "master of the modern short story". [Canadians typically]...believe, in particular, that they subscribe to a distinctive set of values - Canadian values - and that those values are special in the sense of being unusually virtuous. , Numerous scholar, beginning in the 1940s with American sociologist Seymour Martin Lipset; have tried to identify, measure and compare them with other countries, especially the United States. The major influences on the identity of Canadians started in the early 1800s. , By the 19th century Canadians came to believe themselves possessed of a unique "northern character," due to the long, harsh winters that only those of hardy body and mind could survive. We value the rights and freedoms and accept the responsibilities, that this status gives us.  Canada is the birthplace and world's largest producer of maple syrup. If we agree that to be Canadian is to either be an aboriginal person or someone who’s ancestors came from elsewhere then it would be fair to say that there, very generally speaking, two. Popular individual sports include auto racing, boxing, karate, kickboxing, hunting, sport shooting, fishing, cycling, golf, hiking, horse racing, ice skating, skiing, snowboarding, swimming, triathlon, disc golf, water sports, and several forms of wrestling. Reoccurring themes such as French-Canadian identity, survival, nationalism, and sovereignty span a large period of history and can be …  Many official symbols of the country such as the Flag of Canada have been changed or modified over the past few decades to Canadianize them and de-emphasise or remove references to the United Kingdom. Multiculturalism And Canadian Identity the adoption in 1971, the Multiculturalism policy has been greatly debated about it’s expediency in Canadian society. To a certain extent, this is true.  Canada's federal government has often been described as the instigator of multicultural ideology because of its public emphasis on the social importance of immigration.  Over time, elements of the cultures of Canada's immigrant populations have become incorporated to form a Canadian cultural mosaic. It’s only when these sentiments are widely shared that we can develop the trust and common understanding necessary for our society and institutions to function. During this period Canada became an independent c… It has also tried to protect Canadian culture by setting legal minimums on Canadian content in many media using bodies like the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC).  Canadian sculpture has been enriched by the walrus ivory, muskox horn and caribou antler and soapstone carvings by the Inuit artists. , There are three major theatre venues in Ottawa; the Ottawa Little Theatre, originally called the Ottawa Drama League at its inception in 1913, is the longest-running community theatre company in Ottawa. We should not even be able to agree upon the kind of Canadian to choose as a model, let alone persuade most people to emulate it. , Canada's television industry is in full expansion as a site for Hollywood productions.  Outside the sports and music arena Canadians express the national characteristics of being hard working, peaceful, orderly and polite. I feel like Canadian culture lies primarily in the differences between the regions. Canada’s identity comes in many shapes and forms. As such, Inuit identity is experienced as a set of primordial ties to specific places and persons and as a way of life that must be protected from the incursion of non-Inuit culture. Examine the Colonial Canada period, when New France became a British belonging. It’s only when these sentiments are widely shared that we can develop the trust and common understanding necessary for our society and institutions to function.  Canada's early literature, whether written in English or French, often reflects the Canadian perspective on nature, frontier life, and Canada's position in the world, for example the poetry of Bliss Carman or the memoirs of Susanna Moodie and Catherine Parr Traill. , Denis Stairs a professor of political Science at Dalhousie University; links the concept of Canadian values with nationalism. Canada's identity can be associated with its tolerance and promotion of multiculturalism and diversity. While Canada believes its citizens should have access to foreign cultural goods, the government also recognizes that we need space for our own voice. Canadian Identity is what defines us as a nation.  Symbols of the Canadian monarchy continue to be featured in, for example, the Arms of Canada, the armed forces, and the prefix Her Majesty's Canadian Ship. Also, the English began colonizing Newfoundland. Because Canada has such a great cultural diversity the Canadian identity is shaped by our values and attitudes as they have emerged from our history and geography. Given the diversity of Canadian society, it is easier to describe Canadian culture as a group of cultures interrelated with and juxtaposed to the 2 dominant cultural groups.  Thus, multicultural media became an integral part of Canadian media overall. Until the end of the 19th century, the Acadians lived in isolated groups and had little contact with the outside world. , The promotion of multicultural media in Canada began in the late 1980s as the multicultural policy was legislated in 1988.  The English and French languages have had limited constitutional protection since 1867 and full official status since 1969.  First Nations and Métis peoples played a critical part in the development of European colonies in Canada, particularly for their role in assisting European coureur des bois and voyageurs in the exploration of the continent during the North American fur trade. , The Canadian government has influenced culture with programs, laws and institutions. : Habitex Books, 1975. The works of most early Canadian painters followed European trends.  All these artists painted large, brilliantly coloured scenes of the Canadian wilderness. Monarchists pointed to the Crown and the country’s ties with Britain. The I Am Canadian campaign by Molson beer, most notably the commercial featuring Joe Canadian, infused domestically brewed beer and nationalism. Travel to most places around the globe and you’ll find the impression most people have of Canada is a vast wilderness teeming with spectacular forests, mountains, lakes, and prairies. , The beginnings of Canadian national radio comedy date to the late 1930s with the debut of The Happy Gang, a long-running weekly variety show that was regularly sprinkled with corny jokes in between tunes.  Munro is also a recipient of the Man Booker International Prize for her lifetime body of work, and three-time winner of Canada's Governor General's Award for fiction. 4. Though Canada is a diverse country, it is in these differences that Canadian Literature has recognized the Canadian identity. Discover our national landmarks and attractions and show your pride for Canada by taking part in the many cultural events, celebrations and commemorations. Christie v. York is no longer "good law", as it has been overtaken by human rights legislation in Quebec (and similar legislation in all other provinces and at the federal level). Being a cold country with long winter nights for most of the year, certain unique leisure activities developed in Canada during this period including hockey and embracement of the summer indigenous game of lacrosse.  Since 1969, Ottawa has been the home of the National Arts Centre, a major performing-arts venue that houses four stages and is home to the National Arts Centre Orchestra, the Ottawa Symphony Orchestra and Opera Lyra Ottawa. You will not receive a reply.  In 1867, the Constitution Act was thought to meet the growing calls for Canadian autonomy while avoiding the overly strong decentralization that contributed to the Civil War in the United States. How do cultural trends affect canadian identify ? In 1971, Canada became the first country in the world to adopt multiculturalism as an official policy.  However, as a whole, Canada is in theory, a cultural mosaic—a collection of several regional, and ethnic subcultures. Today, … Within Canada lie many distinct cultures and languages. I've been away from Canada for a while and in a way it's cleared this up for me (partially because I have to explain what "Canadian culture" is to others. While Canada believes its citizens should have access to foreign cultural goods, the government also recognizes that we need space for our own voice. A number of Canadian pioneers in early Hollywood significantly contributed to the creation of the motion picture industry in the early days of the 20th century. In typical Canadian fashion, we don’t celebrate this success often enough. Explore the time before the British and French settlement. In recent years nationalism has been used to prompt products on television. Get a better understanding of how the Crown remains a fundamental part of Canada's system of government and our sense of identity.  From the 17th century onward, Canada has developed a music infrastructure that includes church halls; chamber halls; conservatories; academies; performing arts centres; record companys; radio stations, and television music-video channels. In the current Canadian political framework, one identity is worth as much as another: a hierarchy of identities, as the idea of two founding nations implies, can no longer be tolerated. While Canada tries to maintain its cultural differences, it also must balance this with responsibility in trade arrangements such as the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and the United States–Mexico–Canada Agreement (USMCA).  Universal access to publicly funded health services "is often considered by Canadians as a fundamental value that ensures national health care insurance for everyone wherever they live in the country." The text was originally only in French, before English lyrics were written in 1906. I think this is an important question to ponder!  In addition to original Canadian works, shows from the West End and Broadway frequently tour in Toronto. Upon numerous government reports showing lack of minority representation or minority misrepresentation, the Canadian government stressed separate provision be made to allow minorities and ethnicities of Canada to have their own voice in the media. The length of this particular section depends on general size of your essay. These themes, and Canada's literary history, inform the writing of successive generations of Canadian authors, from Leonard Cohen to Margaret Atwood.  Much of the debate over contemporary Canadian identity is argued in political terms, and defines Canada as a country defined by its government policies, which are thought to reflect deeper cultural values.  Canada until the 1940s saw itself in terms of English and French cultural, linguistic and political identities, and to some extent aboriginal. Canadians are proud of their citizenship.  Combined with late economic development in many regions, this comparably nonbelligerent early history allowed indigenous Canadians to have a lasting influence on the national culture (see: The Canadian Crown and Aboriginal peoples). Not a stew pot, but a smorgasbord. Research your family history. by Molson - CBC Archives", "Survey: Canadian interest in pro football is on the rise", "Canada's hockey obsession leading to burnout among young players", "World Cup TV ratings and soccer championships show huge rise", "Let's eat Canadian, but is there really a national dish? Learn what the Government of Canada is doing to promote equality for women and their full participation in the economic, social and democratic life of Canada. Toronto's Theatre District includes the venerable Roy Thomson Hall; the Princess of Wales Theatre; the Tim Sims Playhouse; The Second City; the Canon Theatre; the Panasonic Theatre; the Royal Alexandra Theatre; historic Massey Hall; and the city's new opera house, the Sony Centre for the Performing Arts. " There are considerable overlaps between Canadian food and the rest of the cuisine in North America, many unique dishes (or versions of certain dishes) are found and available only in the country.  As a result of the First and Second World Wars, the Government of Canada became more assertive and less deferential to British authority. Canada is a very large and diverse country in North America, the second largest country in the world with a total area of 6.2 million square miles (9.9 million km 2).The country, which consists of 10 provinces and 3 territories, is located in the far northern part of the North American continent, extending from the Atlantic to the Pacific Oceans and northward into the islands of the Arctic Ocean. , For thousands of years Canada has been inhabited by indigenous peoples from a variety of different cultures and of several major linguistic groupings. Canada's overall influence rating topped the list with 54 per cent of respondents rating it mostly positive and only 14 per cent mostly negative. At the 76th Academy Awards, Arcand's The Barbarian Invasions became Canada's first film to win the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film. CANADIAN! , Canada is often characterized as being "very progressive, diverse, and multicultural".  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